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In terms of direct marketing, cold calling is actually one of the most targeted, efficient and effective ways to reach potential customers. Nothing beats having a real conversation with a prospect. Here are some studies that back this up:

In 6 Lead Generation Insights for 2007, a research report by Mike Schultz, publisher of; Andrea Meachan Rosal, Chief Content Officer of and John Doerr, Principal of the Wellesley Hills Group concluded that:

“Cold calling is second only to referrals as the number one lead generation tactic.” And from the MarketingSherpa Business Technology Marketing Presentation 2007:


“So, yes, that’s absolutely an endorsement of good old-fashioned cold calling, especially when it’s targeted and appropriate.” Stefan Tornquist, Research Director


Cold calling does work. The issue is that most people do it poorly, which is why it does not work for them.


Stefan Tornquist brought up an important point that cold calling must be “targeted and appropriate.” Here are some prevalent misconceptions about cold calling:


  • Cold calling is a numbers game: Make 100 dials/day and someone will eventually say, “yes”
  • Cold calling is a numbers game: Go through the “no’s” and hang ups until you finally get a “yes”
  • Anyone is a prospect: Open the phone book and start making calls
  • Practice rebuttals to ensure that you can corner the prospect
  • Manipulate the prospect into agreeing
  • ABC: Always Be Closing

I doubt these tactics were ever truly effective. Ten years ago, maybe–or even five years ago, however, it was easier to get people on the telephone. It probably was possible to simply keep making calls until someone said “yes.” Today one can make calls for long periods of time without ever reaching a prospect directly. That is why the “numbers game” idea is a myth. So is the idea that “anyone is a prospect.”


Cold calling today is direct, targeted and above all it’s a communication skill. Those who disparage cold calling are totally missing the point. The bottom line is that no matter where you find a lead, whether from networking or a referral (or even if someone calls you) at some point you will need to speak with that prospect on the telephone and if you are not able to communicate the value of the product or service that you represent, you won’t get the customer. In today’s business environment, however, it is imperative to understand the rules, what has changed, what works today and what will simply waste your time.
Here are the Cold Calling Rules for the 21st Century:


  1. Have a targeted list
    Before starting a cold calling campaign create a profile of the ideal prospects you are trying to reach. What that means is that out of everyone in the entire world who might buy what you sell, who is most likely to? And who is most likely to buy a lot of what you sell and then keep returning to buy more?

Describe this ideal customer in specific detail. Use criteria like: What industry? Where are they located? What is the title of the decision-maker? Does this market have challenges or issues that your product or service can solve? If you are calling in the consumer market, what are the demographics of your ideal prospects? Where do they live? Work? Go to school? These are your “qualifying parameters,” the parameters that describe your ideal prospect who is likely to buy, buy a lot and come back to buy more. Then, only call the leads that fit your “ideal customer profile.” If a prospect does not meet your parameters, they are not a qualified prospect. You will spin your wheels and waste your time trying to reach them and they will not buy or not buy very much.


In business-to-business calls make sure to only call the highest-level person you believe is the decision-maker. If that person is not the decision-maker, they’ll be able to tell you who is. Far too many sales professionals and business owners waste their time calling too low. They do this with the idea that somehow the calls will be easier. They won’t. This will simply waste your time and extend your sales cycle. If you are not speaking with a decision-maker, you are not speaking with a qualified prospect. If you are not speaking with a qualified prospect, they will never buy from you.


  1. Answer your prospect’s question: Why should they be interested?

In addition to having a targeted list, your approach must be targeted to the market and the individual that you are calling. It must be relevant. There is no generic approach that will work. Preparation counts, big time. Ask yourself these questions:


  • What are your prospects’ challenges?
  • What is their history?
  • What’s happening now?
  • What problems do you solve for your customers?
  • What problems can you potentially solve for your prospects?
  • How do you help your customers?

In order to create an approach that will resonate with prospects you must dig deeply to understand them. Do your homework and do the research. They will not tell you; they’ll expect you to know. Prospects today are busy; they are bombarded from all sides. If you want to get their attention on a prospecting call you need to have something compelling to say. It must be relevant. Truly understanding your prospects and their situations will help you craft an approach that will enable you to have a productive conversation with them.


  1. Understand the goal of your call

Many people confuse the idea of cold calling with the idea of closing a sale. Every sale goes through a cycle from the introduction to information gathering to offering a solution to closing. Cold calling is not closing a sale. That comes later. Most sales professionals and/or business owners are making calls to set face-to-face meetings or have some type of introductory conversation. The cold call is not the sale–it is the introduction.

This concept frames your entire approach. On most cold calls you are not asking the prospect to buy from you over the telephone or to agree to let you replace their current vendor. You are only asking to have a productive conversation. This approach has two advantages: Your prospect feels far less pressure (you never want a prospect to feel pressure because they will run) and you also feel less pressure (you don’t have to close on the phone.)


Adopted from

Author: Wendy Weiss